2018年自学考试《英语(二)》练习题(8)

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VI. Translation from Chinese into English (15 points, 3 points for each item)

66. 新开发的机器人有触觉,可以看见物体,还能做决定。(分数: 3分2分1分0分)

参考

The newly-developed robots have a sense of touch, are able to see objects, and can make decisions too.

67.据我所知,大部分人都是劳动者。(分数: 3分2分1分0分)

参考答案

So far as I know, the majority of the population are laborers.

68.这件商品的价格与它的价值很不相称。(out of proportion to)(分数: 3分2分1分0分)

参考答案

The price of the article is out of proportion to its value.

69.在核电站使用机器人可以避免人员接触放射性物质。(分数: 3分2分1分0分)

参考答案

The robots used in nuclear power plants can prevent human personnel from being exposed to radiation.

70.乘飞机旅行对身体的影响实际上远比我们意识到的更严重。(分数: 3分2分1分0分)

参考答案

The effects of rapid travel on the body are actually far more serious than we realize.

VII. Translation from English into Chinese (15 points)

将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。(分数: 15分14分13分12分11分10分9分8分7分6分5分4分3分2分1分0分)

More than 30,000 drivers and front seat passengers are killed or seriously injured each year. At a speed of only 30 miles per hour it is the same as falling from a third-floor window. Wearing a seat belt saves lives; it reduces your chance of death or serious injury by more than half. Therefore drivers or front passengers over 14 in most vehicles must wear a seat belt.

However, you do not have to wear a seat belt if you are reversing your vehicle; or you are making a local delivery or collection using a special vehicle; or if you have valid medical certificate which excuse you from wearing it. Make sure these circumstances apply to you before you decide not to wear your seat belt. Remember you may be taken to court for not doing so, and you may be fined if you cannot prove to the court that you have been excused from wearing it.

参考答案

每年都有超过30000名司机和坐在前排的乘客因车祸身亡或受重伤。即使驾车速度仅为每小时30英里,其情形也会像从一个三层楼的窗户上坠落那么严重。系安全带可以挽救生命,可以把死亡或受重伤的可能性减少一半以上。因此,大部分汽车里的司机和14岁以上的前排乘客都必须系安全带。

然而,倒车时可以不系安全带;当你的使用专用汽车在当地送货或者收垃圾时或者你有有效的医疗证明能够使你免于系安全带时,也可以不必系安全带。在你决定不系安全带之前,一定要搞清这些情形适用于你。否则你就可能因此而上法庭。如果你不能向法庭证明你可以免系安全带,你就会被罚款。

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